Germany: Federal Environment Ministry and Federal Ministry of Economics Debate about PV Incentives
Since the Federal Network Agency announced the preliminary figures for PV installations in 2011, political discussions about PV incentives have resurfaced. In particular, Germany’s Federal Minister for Economics, Philipp Rosler, reignited the discussion by suggesting an annual cap of 1,000 MW. But it now seems as if Rosler has moved away from this position. A proposal that was developed by his ministry foresees annual installations of about 3,500 MW. That could be reached by cuts to feed-in tariffs of 21%.
Environmental Minister Norbert Rottgen suggested an annual degression of 24%. This should be achieved in several smaller cuts spread throughout the year. As one can see, both suggestions bear similarities. Nevertheless, a meeting of the Environment Minister Norbert Rottgen and Minister of Economics Philipp Rosler did not result in an agreement on January 25. Negotiations are still ongoing and the agreement that both parties come to is eagerly awaited.
Italy: Planned Direct Cut of Incentives for Agricultural Areas Retrospectively
Currently, photovoltaic plants on agricultural areas should receive feed-in-tariffs until the end of March; insofar as they are connected to the grid by then. But the new decree ‘Decreto-Legge’ plans to cut incentives for plants on agricultural areas directly as well as retrospectively. Although not yet agreed on, the new law leads to further uncertainties in the Italian photovoltaic branch. Only recently, the energy agency GSE (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici) announced that incentives will not be available for rooftop PV plants with a capacity of more than 1 MW as well as open space plants, not constructed on public buildings or estates in the second half of 2012. This is due to an exceeding of the volume entitled to incentives in 2011.
Market experts at EuPD Research assume that this will lead to shifts in market segments and strengthen the position of locally active installers. The latest figures regarding agricultural areas reinforce this trend and the importance of installers, already at the beginning of the year.
USA: Termination of Treasury Grant Program: Effects on the U.S. Market
The U.S. Congress has decided not to extend the 1603 Treasury Program which was created under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury (DOT), between September 2009 and the end of 2011 TGP funding of 1,428 million USD poured in for projects in the field of solar electricity.
The recent termination of the TGP has a negative effect in two ways. On the one hand, the cancellation of the TGP will significantly lower the attractiveness of PV investments. As the main focus of the TGP funding was on PV systems with a size of over 50 kW, especially the number of larger systems will experience a decrease. On the other hand, due to the development of the world market on the supply and the demand side, in the manufacturing sector the competition is tightening in 2012. The expected downturn of Germany and Italy in 2012, important sales markets for the U.S.A., will affect the demand for PV products from the U.S.A.
Spain: Temporary Suspension of Renewable Energy Incentives
The Spanish government under the new Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, announced per Royal Decree, a temporary suspension of incentives for renewable energy installations. The decree has been effective since January 28, 2012. How long the suspension will be in place was not been published yet. Excluded are plants that already registered for feed-in-tariffs which can still be built. But plants that are in waiting loops already and have submitted an aval (endorsement) as security will get it back. The measures are a result of the current economic and financial crisis and the efforts of the new Spanish government to consolidate the public budget by also reviewing investments in renewable energies.
France: Freeze of Feed-in Tariffs
As announced by the French regulator Commission de Regulation de l’Energie (CRE), feed-in-tariffs for photovoltaic plants will be reduced by between four and ten percent during the first quarter 2012.
To further support the French PV branch, the industry organization Enerplan has demanded a freeze to feed-in-tariffs in 2012 as well as a different tendering procedure for plants of more than 100 KW, where no further installations have been made since the procedure was changed.
Further Information: EuPD Research (http://www.eupd-research.com/)
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